IPM CRSP FY 2012 annual report is available at the link:
Director, IPM IL (CRSP)
526 Prices Fork Road
Blacksburg, VA 24061, U.S.A.
IPM CRSP FY 2012 annual report is available at the link:
Director, IPM IL (CRSP)
526 Prices Fork Road
Blacksburg, VA 24061, U.S.A.
The Hon. Marty McVey is a member, appointed by the U.S. president, of USAID’s Board for International Food and Agricultural Development (BIFAD).
The BIFAD advises and makes recommendations to the USAID Administrator on food security, development efforts, and implementation of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961. It also monitors progress.
During his second trip in January with the Feed the Future Innovation Lab: Collaborative Research on Integrated Pest Management (formerly the Integrated Pest Management Collaborative Research Support Program), McVey visited food security projects in India, Bangladesh and Nepal. India is a strategic partner with Feed the Future, and Bangladesh and Nepal are Feed the Future focus countries.
We asked McVey a few questions about his visit and the exciting collaborations and progress he observed.
First, tell us a little about your trip. Where did you go and why were you there?
I accompanied a team of Integrated Pest Management (IPM) Innovation Lab personnel from Virginia Tech, Penn State, and the Ohio State University to South Asia to review the activities of the IPM Innovation Lab in this part of the world. I attended workshops, regional planning meetings, toured facilities of private sector and NGO partners), and met with U.S. Ambassadors, USAID Mission directors, partner scientists, farmers, and members of farming cooperatives in India, Bangladesh, and Nepal.
The purpose of my trip was to see how Feed the Future’s goals are being accomplished, particularly through the work of the IPM Innovation Lab with its many partners and programs in South Asia. What I learned was encouraging.
Who did you spend time with during the trip? How did you see various food security actors, particularly from the research community, interacting and working together to achieve Feed the Future goals on the ground?
In Bangladesh, scientists from all three countries I visited, as well as representatives from USAID and The World Vegetable Center, attended a regional planning meeting for the IPM Innovation Lab’s Southeast Asia project. Interaction among scientists from the United States and host countries was lively and facilitated collaboration.
While visiting with the vice chancellor of Tamil Nadu Agricultural University in India and our partnering scientists at that institution, I observed their strong commitment to working with us to foster increased use of organic farming methods.
In India, scientists from Senegal, Kenya, Ghana, and Guatemala—supported by Feed the Future through the IPM Innovation Lab—attended a biocontrol workshop centered on the use of Trichoderma (a beneficial fungus used to attack fungi with deleterious effects) and Pseudomonas (a beneficial bacterium). Each of the scientists gave a presentation on the work they were doing in their home country. Through this kind of support, Feed the Future is exponentially expanding its impact and providing opportunities for scientists to learn new techniques. Those scientists then return home and share what they’ve learned, which translates to better in-country capacity.
The IPM Innovation Lab has also partnered with the Biocontrol Research Lab, a private company in India that produces biocontrol products to help farmers safely grow highly productive crops.
Through this partnership, farmers can learn about the benefits of using biocontrol methods to control pests and plant diseases and with the increased income they generate through these methods they are able to expand their use of such products. Companies find a viable niche in the economy. Everybody wins: Farmers increase their incomes without depleting or harming the soil and environment, companies are successful, and local communities have more and healthier produce to buy and consume. Public-private partnerships like this are helping to ensure that food security efforts in India are sustainable.
In each country I visited, the USAID Missions were pleased with the work of the IPM Innovation Lab and expressed that IPM Innovation Lab efforts are helping to achieve impact in advancing food security. In Bangladesh and Nepal, they are working to implement IPM packages (a set of techniques designed for a particular crop) in Feed the Future target regions.
What impact did you see the IPM Innovation Lab having? How was it making a difference?
In Nepal, pheromone trap technology introduced by the IPM Innovation Lab is helping coffee producers manage the white stem borer of coffee, a serious pest in the region. Classical biocontrol of the papaya mealybug, thanks to an IPM Innovation Lab initiative, has restored production of papaya, mulberry, cassava, eggplant, and other crops to the pre-incidence level in southern India. And in Bangladesh, the IPM Innovation Lab helped successfully reverse the decline in eggplant production, a staple crop, by introducing eggplant grafting in 2004 to combat bacterial wilt. The farmers were very appreciative of this initiative.
The adoption of Trichoderma and Pseudomonas in vegetable farming in India is extensive. In Bangladesh, Trichoderma is produced with compost and distributed to farmers. The adoption of culture to attract and kill the melon fly on bitter gourd farms in Bangladesh is also very popular. The popularization of Trichoderma throughout the tropical world is spectacular and should be continued as it makes such a difference in the lives of smallholder farmers.
From your tweets, it looks like you spent some time with smallholder farmers. How was the IPM Innovation Lab working with them, particularly women farmers? What did the farmers have to say?
There are many success stories coming out of these countries regarding integrated pest management (IPM) thanks to the involvement of the IPM Innovation Lab. The farmers themselves are perhaps the most inspiring.
One of the biggest stories for me was my colleague’s account of a visit to a village near Kathmandu, Nepal. In this small village, women have been so successful at using IPM techniques that they are able to buy clothes for their children, pay for more schooling for them, and even build houses with the extra income they generate.
At another farmers’ cooperative, I learned that while it only has 27 members, 500 people benefit from the work of the organization. A woman sits at the head of this group. The members of this organization are able to make small loans to other members, allowing them to buy materials for building greenhouses, drip irrigation systems, sticky traps, or pheromones. All of this is allowing women farmers to sustainably grow more and healthier produce.
At a coffee plantation in Nepal I heard this story repeated: “Ninety percent of the beans that we grow are of better quality since we started using IPM techniques,” one woman said. And I learned from our collaborating partner in Nepal, iDE, that it focuses on working with women because they’re more reliable and committed than the men, and they are also better savers.
What encouraged you most about this trip, the projects you saw, and the people you met?
I was most inspired by the difference that Feed the Future, through the IPM Innovation Lab, is making in the lives of women farmers. I saw this with the women agricultural students and farmers who I met at the Sri Avinashilingam Krishi Vigyan Kendra University in India and with the women farmers who I met in Nepal.
Women farmers see firsthand how using biocontrol methods produces vegetables and crops that are safer and of better quality. They are using the extra income to improve the lives of their families. And they are forming organizations to extend the benefits to each other through loans. They’re also extending benefits beyond their organizations by working with other women’s cooperatives.
During my visit to the women’s agricultural university, I spoke to a large group of several hundred women farmers. It was encouraging to see these young women take a positive step for their own future and that of their communities by investing in themselves and in the future of agriculture through higher education. The university is set up such that it not only trains women in agriculture, but it also encourages small businesses by training students in activities such as fabric production and handcrafts.
What key messages will you take back to the BIFAD on the value/success of the IPM Innovation Lab?
Overall, the progress toward Feed the Future’s goals was encouraging.
South-South collaboration is strong and yielding results. The biocontrol workshop at Tamil Nadu Agricultural University was an example of this. By providing training to promising young scientists in other developing countries, the program is extending the benefits of IPM methods.
The research and practitioner community is flexible, responding to new challenges as they arise. Policy-makers sometimes lag behind. As scientists learn of new invasive pests and diseases, they are quick to adapt, figuring out new solutions to challenges on the ground. Government officials often lag behind in understanding the importance of acting quickly and red tape can slow effective techniques.
Women are making strides. Where women are allowed or encouraged to have agency in their lives, they are making a huge difference.
While adopting new strategies is risky for subsistence farmers, once they see results they become evangelists. To the subsistence farmer, new practices are suspect: If you are just barely getting by, why try something that may remove even that tiny profit altogether? And yet, from my visits to farming villages and through meeting with farmer collectives and speaking with farmers themselves, I learned that once a farmer sees (often through demonstration plots) that these new methods can work, they become enthusiastic advocates.
Public-private partnerships are promising. Public-private partnerships across the countries we serve through the IPM Innovation Lab were inspiring, with strong partners in every country that are helping create self-sustaining programs.
Change is incremental, but nonetheless effective. While we don’t always get a dramatic splash for our investments dollars in the developing world, it is money well spent. The smile on the face of a woman who has built a house using money she earned from IPM methods is invaluable. The pride of the young women embarking on higher level agricultural studies was inspiring. The enthusiasm of our scientist partners from developing countries attending the biocontrol workshop was gratifying as well. Often, as I mentioned above, it can be difficult to persuade a farmer to adopt new methods. But once we do, and are successful, word of mouth spreads to other farmers and villages and extends across a region. Over time, this has a huge impact.
Follow McVey on Twitter for more on his trip and future updates. McVey will brief the public on his trip at the BIFAD board of directors meeting this Friday, March 15. Check out the webcast on Friday. We’ll also post the meeting minutes later on the USAID website.
Feed the Future Support for Pest Management Pays Off for Papaya Farmers in Asia
A new impact assessment on a Feed the Future research project shows benefits of over $104 million in controlling the papaya mealybug, a major economic pest, from destroying papaya crops in India.
USAID’s investment in the Feed the Future Food Security Innovation Laboratory: Collaborative Research on Integrated Pest Management (commonly referred to as IPM) has paid for itself through a single biological pest intervention, which is also reaping benefits that are saving the papaya industry and spurring private sector growth in South Asia.
The Feed the Future IPM Innovation Laboratory was established in 1993 as the Integrated Pest Management Collaborative Research Support Program and is a consortium of U.S. land-grant universities and national partners like USDA’s Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, funded by USAID. The Laboratory raises the standard of living of people in developing countries, including Feed the Future focus countries and strategic partner countries like India, by working with them to develop the best solutions to the agricultural challenges they face.
The mealybug, which is found throughout the world in warm, moist climates and feeds on over 60 species of plants, has devastated the papaya industry in India and Indonesia. Papaya is a nutritious and important commercial crop that is used to produce papain, a key ingredient in the production of chewing gum, shampoo, toothpaste, and meat tenderizer. It is also used in brewing and textile industries.
To address this problem, scientists from the Feed the Future IPM Innovation Laboratory introduced a parasitic wasp into the mealybug’s habitat. The wasp lays its eggs inside the larvae of the mealybug, and when the eggs hatch, the wasps eat the papaya mealybug larvae, killing it before it can damage the fruit.
By collaborating with USDA’s Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, the Feed the Future IPM Innovation Laboratory was able to help India and Indonesia acquire and release these wasps and save the papaya industry. In the areas where they were released, these wasps have controlled nearly 100 percent of papaya mealybug. This effort has been so successful that the rearing of these wasps has now been taken over by the private sector in South Asia.
A conference in Manado, North Sulawesi, Indonesia
Conference: July 4–5, 2013, Sintesa Peninsula Hotel
Field trips: July 6–7, 2013
Cost: $150 (overseas participants) | $75 (overseas students, sponsors, Indonesian participants) | $25 (Indonesian students)
Download the conference proposal flyer
Paper and symposium prospoal submission and registration will be available in December.
In the meantime, stay in touch. Click here to provide your contact information. We will send you the latest conference updates, details, field trips, speakers, and more.
Balancing biodiversity preservation with food production presents a challenge. If we are to survive as a species, food production is paramount. But the gradual destruction of forests, watersheds, and other natural habitats in order to produce that food could lead to the eventual demise of our natural resource wealth. Integrated Pest Management (IPM), an ecological approach to suppressing pest species, employs tactics that cause the least ecological disruption. There is a need and urgency for proponents of IPM and biodiversity to work together, but they have rarely been considered as partners for a sustainable future. This conference aims to bridge this divide by bringing together these two key groups.
The conference site, North Sulawesi, Indonesia, has long been appreciated for its great biodiversity. Alfred Russel Wallace, the famed 19th century British naturalist, spent considerable time in this region, collecting various kinds of insects and birds throughout the island of Sulawesi, and 2013 represents the 100th anniversary of his death. Many of his ideas on evolution and natural selection, which paralleled those of Charles Darwin, were crystallized from his observations of high speciation in this area.
M. S. Swaminathan — UNESCO Chair in Ecotechnology at the M S Swaminathan Research Foundation in Chennai (Madras), India; first World Food Prize laureate
Tony Whitten — Fauna and Flora International; University of Cambridge
The conference will be held at the Sintesa Peninsula Hotel in Manado. Discounted rates will be available at nearby hotels, all of which are walking distance from the conference site.
The registration cost includes snacks and lunch, transportation to/from the airport, and field trips. If you will be accompanied to the conference for meals by a non-participant, we kindly ask that you register that person at the $75 rate.
While we are still organizing, we anticipate having field trips available to the following places: Tankoko Reserved Forest, a highland trip to Tomohom and around Lake Tondano, Bunaken coral reef, and Lembeh coral reef. Participants will likely be able to choose one field trip on each of the field trip days.
If you have general questions about the conference, you can get in touch with us via this online form or by sending us an email. You are also welcome to contact one of the individual organizers (below).
Integrated Pest Management Collaborative Research Support Program (IPM CRSP)
Sustainable Agriculture and Natural Resource Management Collaborative Research Support Program (SANREM CRSP)
International Association for the Plant Protection Sciences (IAPPS)
Sam Ratulangi University
Friday, October 19, 2012 | 8:00am–10:00am
As part of the 13th International Congress of IPM
Hotel Honduras Maya, Tegucigalpa, Honduras — October 17–19, 2012
Updated August 9, 2012
The IPM CRSP and the IAPPS will be holding a symposium, “IPM Packages for Vegetable Crops in Latin America and the Caribbean,” during the 13th International IPM Congress (link in Spanish and English). This conference, organized by Zamorano Agricultural University, is the most representative and recognized IPM event in the Mesoamerican region. It is scheduled at the Hotel Honduras Maya, Tegucigalpa, Honduras, October 17–19, 2012, and the IPM CRSP symposium will be held Friday, October 19, 2012 from 8:00am to 10:00am.
The IPM CRSP operates in 17 countries in six different tropical regions of the world, encompassing about one-third of the world’s population. It has developed several economical, ecologically friendly, and effective alternate technologies that reduce the use of pesticides and increase the production of horticultural crops. Through this symposium, organizers plan to disseminate IPM packages and component elements developed for horticultural crops to the conference participants.
|8:00||IPM CRSP global review||Rangaswamy Muniappan||IPM CRSP, Virginia Tech|
|8:15||Solarization in IPM||Steven Weller and F. J. Diaz||Purdue and FHIA (Honduras)|
|8:30||Host free period in management of Tomato leaf curl virus disease||Margarita Palmieri||Universidad del Valle de Guatemala|
|8:45||International plant disease diagnostic laboratories||Marco Arevolo||AGROEXPERTOS (Guatemala)|
|9:00||Neoleucinodes elegantalis — Biology and control||Patricio Gallego||INIAP (Ecuador)|
|9:15||IPM package for potato in Ecuador||Victor Barrera||INIAP (Ecuador)|
|9:30||IPM package for eggplant in Honduras||Hernan Espinoza||FHIA (Honduras)|
|9:45||IPM package for naranjilla in Ecuador||Victor Barrera||INIAP (Ecuador)|
For more information on the conference, please visit the website for 13 Congreso Internacional de Manejo Integrado de Plagas (link in Spanish) or 13th International IPM Congress(link in English).
13th International IPM Congress
Healthy and Sustainable Agricultural Production
The Integrated Pest Management Congress is held every two years in different countries to bring together experts on the subject to share and analyze the technical, scientific and methodological progress that has taken place in the field in recent years and other related subjects. It is directed at researchers, technicians, professors, agricultural producers, students and industry representatives interested in presenting their work and updating their knowledge in the field. The Conference will include lectures, symposiums and simultaneous presentations on different subjects, as well as a part with posters, banners and commercial exhibitions. In addition, pre-Congress courses will be offered, dealing with IPM-related subjects in greater depth.
Researchers, technicians, professors, producers, students and the agricultural industry in general.
October 17, 18 and 19, 2012
Tegucigalpa, Honduras. Hotel Honduras Maya
Kind of Participant
Before August 31
Before August 31
*Students are required to present their student ID card.
The registration fee includes educational materials, an attendance certificate, participation in all of the scientific and social activities, as well as food (coffee breaks, lunch and a welcome cocktail the first day; coffee break, lunch and dinner the second day, and lunch and coffee break the final day).
Ways of participating in the Congress
You may participate as:
SUBJECTS FOR PRESENTATION OF SUMMARIES
The subjects for presentation of summaries are the following:
Information about the guidelines for the delivery and presentation of summaries can be requested at the following email address: email@example.com from Ms. Paola Domínguez.
In the framework of the 13th International Integrated Pest Management, the following pre-Congress courses will be held on October 15 and 16 of this year:
Directed at: Professional who work in the sale and/or application of herbicides.
Place: Panamerican Agricultural School. Zamorano.
Date: October 15 and 16, 2012
Capacity: 100 people
The course focuses on:
Dr. Ian Zelaya, Syngenta
Dr. Mike Owen, Iowa State University.
Dr. Steve Weller, Purdue University
Dr. Abelino Pitty, Zamorano
Directed at: Agricultural Engineers and specialists in entomology interested in learning about the biological fundamentals and the technical particulars of massive multiplications of Trichogramma parasitoids.
Place: Panamerican Agricultural School.
Date: October 15 and 16, 2012
The course focuses on:
Dr. César Basso, Agronomy Department, Universidad de la República de Uruguay.
Directed at professional and technicians in the agricultural sciences who work with crops in private enterprise, professionals of government organizations, students and researchers.
Place: Panamerican Agricultural School.
Date: October 15 and 16, 2012
Capacity: 50 people
The course focuses on:
Directed at: Professionals in the agricultural, biological or microbiological sciences who work in research laboratories, educational institutions and industry.
The course focuses on: using a combination of theory and practice for the diagnosis of plant pathogens through in vitro replication and detection of DNA fragments.
Capacity: 15 people
Duration: 4 days. October 8, 9, 10 and 11
Instructor: Estela Yamileth Aguilar, coordinator of the pathogen diagnosis and research laboratory in Zamorano’s Agronomy Department.
To register to the congress or pre-congress courses visit http://www.zamorano.edu/congresomip2012
FORMS OF SPONSORSHIP
There are a number of actors that play key roles in the IPM area in the region, and it very important for the Organizing Committee to count on the support and presence of these companies at the Congress.
In addition to being a Congress participant, it is possible to participate in the Congress as a sponsor, and there are different sponsorship forms.
The following are the different opportunities:
There are 3 categories:
A Diamond Sponsorship gives the right to registration fees for 2 Congress participants, the placement of the company logo in event publicity and Congress documents (invitations, a digital summary of the Congress to be delivered to each participant), a link to the company web site on the Congress web page, Zamorano digital bulletins and a “Diamond IPM Sponsorship” recognition during the event.
A Platinum Sponsorship gives the right to a registration fee for 1 Congress participant, the placement of the company logo in event publicity and Congress documents (invitations, a digital summary of the Congress to be delivered to each participant) and a “Platinum IPM Sponsorship” recognition during the event.
A Gold Sponsorship gives the right to the placement of the company logo in event publicity and Congress documents (invitations, a digital summary of the Congress to be delivered to each participant) and a “Gold IPM Sponsorship” recognition during the event.
If a company chooses to sponsor one or more of the planned coffee breaks, it will be able to make short presentations about the company and/or its products during the 15-minute break, providing informative brochures or showing a brief video presentation about the company. Likewise, they can place banners and other promotional materials to promote the company’s products in the room where the coffee break will be held.
One or more companies could participate in this sponsorship option so that, at the moment of welcoming the participants, they can be exposed to different important regional IPM institutions. This is also an opportunity for the sponsoring companies to provide the participants with publicity about their companies or their products.
This option also provides an opportunity to make presentations about the company and/or its products during the 90-minute lunch period, providing informative brochures or showing a video presentation about the company. Likewise, they can place banners and other promotional materials to promote the company’s products in the room where the lunch will be held. This space will be designated for promotional purposes.
This option allows a company to provide a company bus with its name and logo to transport the participants on the tour; alternatively a company may deposit the money so that we can contract the transportation service. As in the other options, this provides an opportunity for a company to promote itself and its products.
The following are products or souvenirs that will provide lasting memories of the Congress and are ideal gifts for the participants in the 13th International Integrated Pest Management Congress.
There are products including tote bags, pens, briefcases and thermoses for hot or cold drinks.
In addition to being useful for the participants, these products can serve as promotional tools for your companies and/or their products where (depending on the product you decide to sponsor) we will print your company logo alongside that of the IPM Congress.
In the event that a company is interested in sharing the costs of the same gift the spaces for printing logos will be shared.
For further details regarding souvenir type, payment mount or any other doubt, please communicate with Ms. Paola Domínguez at the following email: firstname.lastname@example.org
For any further information required:
Contact person: Ms. Paola Domínguez
Cell phone number: (504) 94632923
Biodiversity and Integrated Pest Management: Working Together for a Sustainable Future
A Proposed Conference in Manado, North Sulawesi, Indonesia
July 2013 (dates TBD)
Organizers: B. Merle Shepard (Clemson), Dantje Sembel (Sam Ratulangi University), and R. Muniappan (Virginia Tech/IPM CRSP) Sponsors: Integrated Pest Management Collaborative Research Support Program (IPM CRSP), International Association for the Plant Protection Sciences (IAPPS), and Sam Ratulangi University
One of the major conflicts relative to biodiversity preservation is between protecting the natural world and its various ecosystems and maintaining agricultural production systems. If we are to survive as a species, food production is paramount. But the gradual destruction of forests, watersheds, and other natural habitats — natural systems almost always associated with expanding agriculture — could lead to their eventual demise. Integrated Pest Management (IPM), an ecological approach to suppressing pest species, employs tactics that cause the least ecological disruption.
There is a need and urgency for proponents of IPM and biodiversity to work together, but they have rarely been considered as partners for a sustainable future.
This conference aims to bridge this divide by bringing together two key groups: those who study and appreciate the importance of biodiversity and IPM practitioners who help ensure that food and fiber production minimizes degradation of the environment. To work toward these goals, scientists, educators, NGOs, government officials, extension agents, and key farmer groups are invited to participate in the conference activities. While the major focus
will be about biodiversity and IPM in developing countries, many of the guiding principles can be applied to the developed world.
Farmers who practice IPM promote biodiversity on a day to day basis, and their participation is critical to the conference’s success.
Farmer Field Schools (FFS) have been the core of developing country IPM, as they emphasize an ecological approach to sustainable food production. FFS have a critical need for developing more field exercises that allow armers to understand the importance of IPM in supporting biodiversity for a sustainable future.
North Sulawesi, Indonesia, the conference site, has long been appreciated for its high biodiversity, so it is fitting that a conference on biodiversity and IPM be held here. Alfred Wallace spent considerable time in this region, collecting various kinds of insects and birds throughout the island of Sulawesi. Many of his ideas on evolution and natural selection, which paralleled those of Charles Darwin, were crystallized from his observations of high speciation in this area.
Presentations will be made by scientists from myriad fields, including vertebrate and invertebrate ecology, botany, and agri-forestry, as well as by specialists in various aspects of IPM. Possible topics include: pest management tactics that eliminate, reduce, or suppress pests (insects, plant pathogens and weeds); reduced reliance on synthetic chemical fertilizers via composting; use of biological materials such as vesicular arbuscular mycorrhiza VAM) and Trichoderma; biological control and host plant resistance; and other IPM tactics.
This conference will be held in July 2013 and is currently in the planning stages. If you would like further nformation, please contact the conference organizers: Merle Shepard (email@example.com), Dantje Sembel firstname.lastname@example.org), or R. Muniappan (email@example.com). More information will be posted on the IPM CRSP website (www.oired.vt.edu/ipmcrsp) and IAPPS website (plantprotection.org) as conference details are finalized.