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Archive for the ‘Climate change’ Category

EurekAlert
Public Release: 6-Feb-2017

Help for national programs supporting smallholder farmers

International Potato Center / Centro Internacional de la Papa

“African communities are highly dependent on agriculture, which is vulnerable to unpredictable changes in climatic conditions,” said Dr. Jürgen Kroschel, CIP’s Agroecology and Integrated Pest Management science leader. “Any increase in temperature caused by climate change will have drastic effects on pest invasions and outbreaks affecting pest management, crop production and food security.”

Climate change will exacerbate existing vulnerabilities of resource-constrained farmers who depend on agriculture for a living. CIP launched the Pest Risk Atlas for Africa to benefit researchers and extension workers involved in pest risk analysis and pest management. Ultimately, this information will create better awareness of current and future pest risks under climate change and promote the inclusion of pest risk adaptation plans at country level. Consequently, it may lead to the adaptation of sustainable pest control methods that are not overly dependent on pesticides and therefore are best suited for farmers in Africa to improve their food security and daily lives under future climates.

In its global pest management research efforts, CIP’s Agroecology and Integrated Pest Management program developed a scientific framework based on advanced pest phenology modeling and Geographic Information System risk mapping to better understand future pest risks on global, regional, and local scales and to use this information for adaptation planning.

The Pest Risk Atlas for Africa provides detailed information for pest risk analysis including:

  • Detection and identification, morphology, and biology with an emphasis on temperature-dependent development
  • Means of movement and dispersal, economic impact, geographical distribution, and phytosanitary risks
  • Risk mapping under current and future climates: global risk and regional risks for Africa with individual country risk maps
  • Phytosanitary measures and adaptation to risk avoidance at farm level.

On average, 30-50% of the yield losses in agricultural crops are caused by pests, despite the application of pesticides to control them. Climate, especially temperature, has a strong and direct influence on the development and growth of insect pest populations. A rise in temperature due to climate change may both increase or decrease pest development rates. Hence, an increase in temperature can potentially affect range expansion and outbreaks of many insect pests. Therefore, if adequate integrated pest management (IPM) strategies are not developed and made available to farmers, greater losses in crop yield and quality could ultimately result.

Natural enemies play an important role in managing pests and are often used in classical biocontrol programs to manage invasive non-indigenous pests. It is important to better understand how climate change will affect this trophic level and how crop management can build and rely on biocontrol strategies. The Pest Atlas for Africa includes important data and mapping information to better use this powerful pest management option.

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The Pest Risk Atlas for Africa is now available online at http://cipotato.org/riskatlasforafrica/and will be periodically updated and enriched with new pest chapters. All individual pest and biocontrol agent chapters can be downloaded for free. It also contains interactivity that allows users to zoom into maps, and do quick searches for specific information.

The International Potato Center, known by its Spanish acronym CIP, was founded in 1971 as a root and tuber research-for-development institution delivering sustainable solutions to the pressing world problems of hunger, poverty, and the degradation of natural resources. CIP is truly a global center, with headquarters in Lima, Peru and offices in 20 developing countries across Asia, Africa, and Latin America. Working closely with our partners, CIP seeks to achieve food security, increased well-being, and gender equity for poor people in the developing world. CIP furthers its mission through rigorous research, innovation in science and technology, and capacity strengthening regarding root and tuber farming and food systems.

CIP is part of the CGIAR Systems Organization, a global partnership that unites organizations engaged in research for a food secure future. CGIAR research is dedicated to reducing rural poverty, increasing food security, improving human health and nutrition, and ensuring more sustainable management of natural resources. Donors include individual countries, major foundations, and international entities.

Disclaimer: AAAS and EurekAlert! are not responsible for the accuracy of news releases posted to EurekAlert! by contributing institutions or for the use of any information through the EurekAlert system.

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Contributed by Kritika Babbar, CABI India

ICBL.jpgClimate change has emerged as one of the most important environmental, social and economic issues today – especially for South Asia, which is highly impacted by these changes. In light of this, an international conference on Biodiversity, Climate Change Assessment and Impacts on Livelihood (ICBCL) was convened in Kathmandu from 10-12 January 2017. The conference was opened by Bidhya Devi Bhandari, the President of Nepal, and saw participation from eminent scientists, policy makers and development workers across the agriculture sector in South Asia.

Plantwise was invited to showcase its work on climate change and Tuta absoluta in three developing regions – Asia, Africa and South America.  CABI and Nepal’s Plant Protection Directorate (responsible for Plantwise implementation in Nepal) highlighted their role in reporting, monitoring and disseminating information about the pest to farmers in Nepal. Since Tuta absoluta was first reported in Nepal in 2016, plant clinics have been aiding in both monitoring and management of the invasive pest. CABI staff also took the opportunity to raise awareness about the upcoming launch of CABI’s Invasive Species programme and highlighted the synergy between it and Plantwise as a holistic approach to address pests like Tuta absouta. The presentation was well received and Plantwise’s global approach to coordinate efforts against the spread of plant pests and diseases was widely recognised as particularly efficient.

For more information about Tuta absoluta, visit the Plantwise Knowledge Bank.
For more information about Plantwise in Nepal, visit the Plantwise website.

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veg-ipm-book-img_2871

The majority of the information in this book is drawn from technologies developed, tested, validated, and implemented by the Integrated Pest Management Innovation Lab (previously known as the  Integrated Pest Management Collaborative Research Support Program-IPM CRSP), supported by  USAID  Cooperative Agreements awarded to Virginia Tech.

Contents

Chap.1 – IPM for Food and Environmental Security in the Tropics

Chap. 2 – IPM Packages for Tropical Vegetable Crops

Chap. 3 – Virus Diseases of Tropical Vegetable Crops and Their Management

Chap. 4 – Exploring the Potential of Trichoderma for the Management of Seed and Soil-Borne Diseases of Crops

Chap. 5 – Physical, Mechanical and Cultural Control of Vegetable Insects

Chap. 6 – Integrated Pest Management of Cruciferous Vegetables

Chap. 7 – Integrated Pest Management of Okra in India

Chap. 8 – Integrated Pest Management of Onion in India

Chap. 9 – IPM Packages for Naranjilla: Sustainable Production in an Environmentally Fragile Region

Chap. 10 – IPM Technologies for Potato Producers in Highland Ecuador

Chap. 11 – Integrated Pest Management for Vegetable Crops in Bangladesh

Chap. 12 – Development and Dissemination of Vegetable IPM Practices in Nepal

Chap. 13 – IPM Vegetable Systems in Uganda

Chap. 14 – Impacts of IPM on Vegetable Production in the Tropics

 

ISBN 978-94-024-0922-2  ISBN 978-94-024-0924-6 (eBook)

Library of Congress Control Number: 2016957790

 

E.A. Heinrichs

IAPPS Secretary General

Asia Program Manager, IPM Innovation Lab

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Manila Times logo

Fungal disease reduces onion produce

July 27, 2016 9:53 pm

AGGRAVATED by climate change, fungal disease infection resulted in yield losses in the onion supply in Badoc town in Ilocos Norte. An assessment by the municipal agriculture office revealed that the areas planted to the red onion variety have decreased by almost 50 percent because of the sudden occurrence of the plant’s disease during this year’s planting season. Cornelio Dinong, Badoc municipal agricultural technologist, said the dominant fungal diseases that hit the growing onions are the “anthracnose” and the purple blotch, which usually develop during drizzles and the rainy season, and are further aggravated by climate change. To eliminate the fungal disease causing microorganisms, intensified information campaign was staged urging local farmers to practice soil sterilization and crop rotation at the onset of planting season. Farmers, meanwhile, have chosen to grow hybrid corn, mungbean and high value vegetables in their field in lieu of onion.

 

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Nepal terraces

Nepal international conference on biodiversity, climate, and livelihood

Protecting unique assemblages of biodiversity together with meeting the needs of people under the scenario of climate change poses a great challenge. The impacts of climate change, along with habitat loss, invasive species, and other ecological threats, are most severe for the global poor, and South Asia is a highly affected region. In this backdrop, an International Conference on Biodiversity, Climate Change Assessment and Impacts on Livelihood (ICBCL) has been programmed in Kathmandu for January 10-12, 2017 by Nepal and US universities with USAID IPM Innovation Lab support.

The conference will focus on approaches from the natural and social sciences to support sustainable economic development particularly in developing countries, which face climate hazards, biological invasion and agricultural pests, biodiversity loss, nutrient and water stress, and social and gender inequities. We will bring together eminent scientists, policy makers and development workers for integrating science, technology, policy and action. Emphasis will be on innovative applications of scientific and technological research to promote rural livelihood and broad based improvements in nutrition, health, and quality of life. This conference will also include opportunity for developing knowledge sharing hubs, regional working groups, and pilot projects for regional climate change adaptations and village based ecological enterprises.

The abstract submission deadline is 15 September, while the early registration deadline is 30 November. Please see icbcl17.org for more details, or contact the conference organizers at icbcl17@gmail.com

For more information contact:

Prof. Mohan Siwakoti

Tribhuvan University

Kathmandu, Nepal

Email: icbcl17@gmail.com

Phone: 00-977-1-4331322

Website: http://icbcl17.org

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Kathmandu, Nepal

10-12 January 2017

Organizers:

 

Tribhuvan University (Central Department of Botany), Nepal

Agriculture and Forestry University,  Nepal

City University of New York, USA

Institute for Global Agriculture and Technology Transfer, USA

Main sponsor: USAID IPM Innovation Lab

Climate change is one of the most important environmental, social and economic issues faced by the world today. The impacts are most severe for the global poor, and South Asia is one of the regions highly affected by these changes. Climate innovation and technologies involve basic science, engineering as well as information dissemination, capacity building, and community organizing. The Conference will focus on approaches from the natural and social sciences to support economic development particularly in developing countries, which faces serious climate hazards along with food, water, and soil management and environmental justice challenges. This three-day international conference will bring together eminent scientists, policy-makers, and development workers in both nonprofit and profit enterprises to discuss promising new approaches for integrating science, technology, policy and action. We will stress innovative applications of scientific and technical research to promote rural enterprise and broad-based improvements in nutrition, health and living standards. This conference will include opportunities for developing knowledge sharing hubs, regional working groups, action plans and pilot projects for regional climate change adaptation and village based agriculture enterprises.

Conference Themes

  • Climate Change: Climate science and modeling; Impacts and adaptation assessment; Hazard prediction and preparedness
  • Water Resource Management: Hydrologic modeling; Snow and glaciers; Water governance; Efficiency and innovation
  • Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services: Status, threats to and management of biodiversity; Biological invasions; Carbon sequestration; Payment for ecosystem services; Ecosystem-based adaptation.
  • Agriculture and Livestock: Climate resilient cropping; Modeling changing crop distribution and production; Integrated pest management; Soil, water and nutrient management; Small-scale and sustainable agro-business
  • Gender and Livelihood:Nutrition, health and well-being; Environmental justice; Development for marginalized groups; Women’s empowerment and enterprises

Abstract Submission

Please submit abstracts online at http://climdev17.org Abstracts should be related to the theme of the conference and should not exceed 250 words.

Deadlines

  • Abstract submission: 15 August 2016
  • Abstract selection notification: 15 September 2016
  • Early bird registration: 30 November 2016
  • Final paper submission to peer-reviewed journal special issue: 1 May 2017

Registration fee*

Participants Early bird registration

(Before 30 Nov 2016)

Late Registration

(After 30 Nov 2016)

From outside SAARC countries US$ 350 US$ 450
From SAARC countries US$ 150 US$ 200
Institutions participation from Nepal NRs. 10,000 NRs. 12,000
Individual participants from Nepal NRs. 4000** NRs. 5000

* Registration fee includes the cost of kit, documents and refreshment provided during the conference

**Limited number of students will get 25% discount in registration fee

Publications

All the selected abstracts for the conference will be published in a conference pre-proceedings volume at no additional cost. Selected papers will also be considered for publication in special issues of the peer-reviewed journals Climate and Environments.

Accommodation

Hotel room rates are typically US$ 50 to 150. Participants from abroad are advised to book hotel rooms well ahead of the program. Please book a room yourself at your choice, or the organizers can help to find suitable one on request. Suggested hotels in Kathmandu are:

Soaltee Crown Plaza (www.crowneplaza.com)

Hotel Himalaya (www.hotelhimalaya.com.np)

Hotel Annapurna (www.annapurna-hotel.com)

Greenwich Hotel (www.greenwichnepal.com)

Hotel Park Village (www.ktmgh.com/park-village-resort)

 

Patrons

  • Tirtha Raj Khaniya, Vice-Chancellor, Tribhuvan University (TU), Kathmandu
  • I.P. Dhakal, Vice-Chancellor, Agriculture and Forestry University (AFU), Nepal
  • J.R. Pokhrel, Vice-Chancellor, Nepal Academy of Science and Technology (NAST)

 

Organizing Committee

  • Chairman: Prof. Pramod K. Jha, TU
  • Co-chair: Prof. Nir Krakauer, CUNY
  • Convener: Dr. Tarendra Lakhankar, CUNY
  • Secretary: Prof. Mohan Siwakoti, TU
  • Treasurer: Prof. Mohan Sharma, AFU
  • Joint Secretaries: Dr. Bharat B Shrestha and Dr. Ram A Mandal, TU

Members:

  • Kedar Rijal
  • Lochan Devkota
  • Ranjana Gupta
  • Siddhi B Karmacharya
  • Sangeeta Rajbhandari
  • Bijaya Panta
  • Mohan Panthi
  • Ram K. Yadav
  • Sanjay Khanal
  • José Anadón
  • David Lohman
  • Ram Prasad Lamsal
  • Anjana Devkota
  • Sanjay K Jha
  • Min Pokhrel
  • Praseed Thapa

Technical Committee

  • Chairman: Professor Ajay Jha
  • Members: Dr. Tarendra Lakhankar
    • Mukesh K Chhettri
    • Sundar Tiwari

Advisory Committee

  • Sudha Tripathi, Rector, TU, Nepal
  • Dilli R. Uppreti, Registrar, TU, Nepal
  • Professor Satish Garkoti, Rector, Jawaharlal Nehru University, India
  • Mohan B. Gewali, Kathmandu University
  • Nab R. Devkota, AFU, Nepal
  • Secretary, Ministry of Agriculture, Nepal
  • Secretary, Ministry of Science and Technology, Nepal
  • Secretary, Ministry of Population and Environment, Nepal
  • Secretary, Ministry of Forests and Soil Conservation, Nepal
  • Secretary, Ministry of Livestock and Bird Development, Nepal
  • Madan L. Shrestha, NAST, Nepal
  • Eklabya Sharma, International Center for Integrated Mountain Development, Nepal
  • Prahlad Thapa, Country Representative, IUCN Nepal
  • Anil Manandhar, Country Representative, WWF Nepal
  • Judy Oglethorpe, Hariyo Ban Programme, WWF Nepal
  • A.K.M. Nazrul Islam, Dhaka Univeristy, Bangladesh
  • Surendra P. Singh, Deharadun, India
  • G. Carvello, Padova University, Italy
  • M. Boselli, Padova University, Italy
  • G. Rossi, Pavia University, Italy
  • Steve Adkins, University of Queensland, Australia
  • Md. Anwarul Islam, Dhaka University, Bangladesh
  • Mark Watson, Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, UK
  • Luke Colavito, Country Director, iDE Nepal
  • Y.R. Pandey, Executive Director, Nepal Agriculture Research Council, Nepal
  • Indu S. Thakur, JNU, India
  • Buddhi R. Khadgi, Secretary, NAST, Nepal
  • Rishi Ram Sharma, DG, Dept. of Hydrology and Meteorology, Nepal
  • Dean, Institute of Science and Technology, TU,
  • Jiwan Shrestha, NAST, Nepal
  • R. Muniappan, Director, IPM Innovation Lab, Virginia Tech., USA
  • Member Secretary, National Trust for Nature Conservation, Nepal
  • Yang Pi, Kunming Institute of Botany, China
  • Xu Rumei, Beijing University, China
  • Teiji Watanabe, Hokkaido University, Japan

 Conference Contact

 Secretary
ClimDev Conference

Central Department of Botany, Tribhuvan University, Kathmandu

Email: sec@climdev17.org
Website: http://climdev17.org

 

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